This study was undertaken to investigate the antibacterial properties and the mode of actions of crude extract of Aspergillus fumigatus SSH01. Antibacterial properties was observed against Gram-positive pathogens and showed inhibition against Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538, methicillin-resistant S. aureus S547 (MRSA) and Listeria monocytogenes L10 with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC, 0.097- 12.5 mg/ml) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC, 0.195 – 25 mg/ml). No surviving cells were detected after 15 h of treatment with the 2MIC of extracts for time-kill assay. Leakage of cellular contents of the treated test pathogens were identified and increased as the concentrations of the extracts increased. The study of morphological surface has shown the bacterial membrane was disrupted and caused loss of viability. This implies the antibacterial effects of A. fumigatus SSH01 extract may serve as the potential antibiotic. © 2018 Penerbit UTM Press. All rights reserved.